SIGNS OF DIABETES:
For a number of sailors, living with diabetes is a daily reality. People who have diabetes know they do and usually can manage it well. However, sometimes, things can go wrong. When blood sugars get out of balance, one of 2 conditions can occur:
It is important to recognize these signs of diabetes. Both need to be treated immediately.
Hypoglycemia can develop rapidly, resulting from stress, taking too much insulin, skipping a meal or consuming alcohol.
Give the victim any food or drink that is high in sugar. Examples would be fruit juice, candy bars, pop or soda, or water containing several spoonfuls of dissolved sugar. If the victim is unconscious, place sugar directly under the tongue.
Hyperglycemia comes on much slower. It results from insufficient insulin resulting in steadily increasing blood sugar levels. Untreated, it can result in a diabetic coma.
Administer insulin or other medication that has been prescribed.
This is where it is important to know of any medical problems that someone on board could face and where required medications are kept.